Transnational & hybrid threats

Moderated by Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri)

Hosts: Ian AnthonyGill Bates, Daniel Nord

In a benign military security environment an increasingly integrated Europe sees the citizen as the point of reference for security. While defending territory from attack by external military forces remains necessary, the main task is to secure citizens against malicious attacks that are non-military and independent of geography, and may be beyond the capacity of local law enforcement. Citizens living in Europe are under threat from terrorists operating within European society, attacks that come from the outside or a combination of the two. Organized economic criminals operate in the expanding electronic marketplace, but their location may be unknown or outside the jurisdiction of European law enforcement agencies. Traffickers exploit transnational networks to move drugs, people and weapons to customers and to launder money. In a globalized economy, where both businesses and people move change location more often and to more places, Europeans depend on flows of money, goods, materials, energy and ideas. Therefore we cannot remain indifferent when external forces disrupt these vital flows.

Questions to be addressed include:

  • Do we have a comprehensive legal framework that defines the scope of the transnational threats? Since law enforcement remains a national task, are existing legal frameworks properly reflected in national laws? In an increasingly integrated European Union, which laws need to be adopted at European level?
  • Are there modern and effective mechanisms for cross-border cooperation? How well does cooperation work inside the European Union?
  • Where laws and strategies have been defined by the European Union, how well does the EU cooperate with partners and sympathetic states? Does the EU have adequate tools to address states that do not behave responsibly in addressing common threats?
  • Is there any meaningful role for military instruments in combating transnational threats?
  • Do we have a modern and effective system for investigating and prosecuting crimes with transnational effects?

Background material





  Documents   Author
  Briefing to the UN Counter Terrorism Committee   Ambassador Gábor Iklódy, NATO
  Energy and Environment program   Atlantic Council
  The War on Terror is Over    Atlantic Council
  Understanding small-world terror networks: towards a post-al-Qaeda world   CIDOB
  Casualties of the war on terror?   CIDOB
European Council Conclusions: Fight against terrorism   Council of the European Union
EU Strategy: Fight against terrorism    Council of the European Union
EU key documents on fight against terrorism   Council of the European Union
  Skating on Stilts: Why we aren’t stopping tomorrow’s terrorism   Elisabeth Wurster, Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
  How to address the subnational actor threat and effective national participation in the biological non-proliferation regime   Elisande Nexon & Angela Woodward,  Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
  Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings   European Commission
  EU Drugs Strategy (2005-2012)   European External Action Service
  The state of the drug problem in Europe    European External Action Service
  Cocaine, a European Union perspective in the global contex   European External Action Service
EUNAVFOR   European External Action Service
Non-proliferation, disarmament and export control   European External Action Service
  The EU External Policy on Drugs   European External Action Service
  EU Fight against terrorism   European External Action Service
  Environment and Climate Change in EU External Relations    European External Action Service
  External action and energy policy   European External Action Service
  Oslo terrorist attacks: Analysis, consequences and lessons learned.   Fondation pour la recherche stratégique
  Terrorisme et mondialisation : La coopération, réponse à la menace transnationale   Fondation pour la recherche stratégique

Hosted and moderated by


VIPs in this forum

  Ana Gomes MEP,
Committee on Foreign Affairs, European Parliament

  Brig. Gen. Roy Hunstok,
Director, Deployable Forces Integrated Project Team, NATO ACT

  Maj. Gen. Jon Berge Lilland,
Assistant Chief of Staff Programme and Planning Management, NATO ACT

  Brig. Gen. Mark D. Scraba,
Director, Joint Interagency Counter Trafficking Center (JICTC), US EUCOM

  Catherine Woollard,
Executive Director, European Peacebuilding Liaison Office (EPLO)